Root system data for type C

class sage.combinat.root_system.type_C.AmbientSpace(root_system, base_ring)

Bases: sage.combinat.root_system.ambient_space.AmbientSpace

EXAMPLES:

sage: e = RootSystem(['C',2]).ambient_space(); e
Ambient space of the Root system of type ['C', 2]

One cannot construct the ambient lattice because the fundamental coweights have rational coefficients:

sage: e.smallest_base_ring()
Rational Field

sage: RootSystem(['B',2]).ambient_space().fundamental_weights()
Finite family {1: (1, 0), 2: (1/2, 1/2)}

TESTS:

sage: TestSuite(e).run()
dimension()

EXAMPLES:

sage: e = RootSystem(['C',3]).ambient_space()
sage: e.dimension()
3
fundamental_weight(i)

EXAMPLES:

sage: RootSystem(['C',3]).ambient_space().fundamental_weights()
Finite family {1: (1, 0, 0), 2: (1, 1, 0), 3: (1, 1, 1)}
negative_roots()

EXAMPLES:

sage: RootSystem(['C',3]).ambient_space().negative_roots()
[(-1, 1, 0),
 (-1, 0, 1),
 (0, -1, 1),
 (-1, -1, 0),
 (-1, 0, -1),
 (0, -1, -1),
 (-2, 0, 0),
 (0, -2, 0),
 (0, 0, -2)]
positive_roots()

EXAMPLES:

sage: RootSystem(['C',3]).ambient_space().positive_roots()
[(1, 1, 0),
 (1, 0, 1),
 (0, 1, 1),
 (1, -1, 0),
 (1, 0, -1),
 (0, 1, -1),
 (2, 0, 0),
 (0, 2, 0),
 (0, 0, 2)]
root(i, j, p1, p2)

Note that indexing starts at 0.

EXAMPLES:

sage: e = RootSystem(['C',3]).ambient_space()
sage: e.root(0, 1, 1, 1)
(-1, -1, 0)
simple_root(i)

EXAMPLES:

sage: RootSystem(['C',3]).ambient_space().simple_roots()
Finite family {1: (1, -1, 0), 2: (0, 1, -1), 3: (0, 0, 2)}
class sage.combinat.root_system.type_C.CartanType(n)

Bases: sage.combinat.root_system.cartan_type.CartanType_standard_finite, sage.combinat.root_system.cartan_type.CartanType_simple, sage.combinat.root_system.cartan_type.CartanType_crystallographic

EXAMPLES:

sage: ct = CartanType(['C',4])
sage: ct
['C', 4]
sage: ct._repr_(compact = True)
'C4'

sage: ct.is_irreducible()
True
sage: ct.is_finite()
True
sage: ct.is_crystallographic()
True
sage: ct.is_simply_laced()
False
sage: ct.affine()
['C', 4, 1]
sage: ct.dual()
['B', 4]

sage: ct = CartanType(['C',1])
sage: ct.is_simply_laced()
True
sage: ct.affine()
['C', 1, 1]

TESTS:

sage: TestSuite(ct).run()
AmbientSpace

alias of AmbientSpace

ascii_art(label=<function <lambda> at 0x7f51afd11230>)

Returns a ascii art representation of the extended Dynkin diagram

EXAMPLES:

sage: print CartanType(['C',1]).ascii_art()
O
1
sage: print CartanType(['C',2]).ascii_art()
O=<=O
1   2
sage: print CartanType(['C',3]).ascii_art()
O---O=<=O
1   2   3
sage: print CartanType(['C',5]).ascii_art(label = lambda x: x+2)
O---O---O---O=<=O
3   4   5   6   7
coxeter_number()

Return the Coxeter number associated with self.

EXAMPLES:

sage: CartanType(['C',4]).coxeter_number()
8
dual()

Types B and C are in duality:

EXAMPLES:

sage: CartanType(["C", 3]).dual()
['B', 3]
dual_coxeter_number()

Return the dual Coxeter number associated with self.

EXAMPLES:

sage: CartanType(['C',4]).dual_coxeter_number()
5
dynkin_diagram()

Returns a Dynkin diagram for type C.

EXAMPLES:

sage: c = CartanType(['C',3]).dynkin_diagram()
sage: c
O---O=<=O
1   2   3
C3
sage: e = c.edges(); e.sort(); e
[(1, 2, 1), (2, 1, 1), (2, 3, 1), (3, 2, 2)]

 sage: b = CartanType(['C',1]).dynkin_diagram()
 sage: b
 O
 1
 C1
 sage: sorted(b.edges())
 []

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