# Optimised Cython code for counting congruence solutions¶

sage.quadratic_forms.count_local_2.CountAllLocalTypesNaive(Q, p, k, m, zvec, nzvec)

INPUT:

• $$Q$$ – quadratic form over $$\ZZ$$
• $$p$$ – prime number > 0
• $$k$$ – an integer > 0
• $$m$$ – an integer (depending only on mod $$p^k$$)
• zvec, nzvec – a list of integers in range(Q.dim()), or None
OUTPUT:
a list of six integers $$\ge 0$$ representing the solution types: [All, Good, Zero, Bad, BadI, BadII]

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.quadratic_forms.count_local_2 import CountAllLocalTypesNaive
sage: CountAllLocalTypesNaive(Q, 3, 1, 1, None, None)
[6, 6, 0, 0, 0, 0]
sage: CountAllLocalTypesNaive(Q, 3, 1, 2, None, None)
[6, 6, 0, 0, 0, 0]
sage: CountAllLocalTypesNaive(Q, 3, 1, 0, None, None)
[15, 12, 1, 2, 0, 2]


Returns the number of solutions of Q(x) = m over the finite field Z/pZ, where p is a prime number > 2 and Q is a non-degenerate quadratic form of dimension n >= 1 and has Gram determinant Qdet.

REFERENCE:
These are defined in Table 1 on p363 of Hanke’s “Local Densities...” paper.

INPUT:

• n – an integer >= 1
• p – a prime number > 2
• m – an integer
• Qdet – a integer which is non-zero mod p
OUTPUT:
an integer >= 0

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.quadratic_forms.count_local_2 import count_modp__by_gauss_sum

sage: count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, 0, 1)    ## for Q = x^2 + y^2 + z^2  => Gram Det = 1 (mod 3)
9
sage: count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, 1, 1)    ## for Q = x^2 + y^2 + z^2  => Gram Det = 1 (mod 3)
6
sage: count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, 2, 1)    ## for Q = x^2 + y^2 + z^2  => Gram Det = 1 (mod 3)
12

sage: [Q.count_congruence_solutions(3, 1, m, None, None) == count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, m, 1)  for m in range(3)]
[True, True, True]

sage: count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, 0, 2)    ## for Q = x^2 + y^2 + 2*z^2  => Gram Det = 2 (mod 3)
9
sage: count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, 1, 2)    ## for Q = x^2 + y^2 + 2*z^2  => Gram Det = 2 (mod 3)
12
sage: count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, 2, 2)    ## for Q = x^2 + y^2 + 2*z^2  => Gram Det = 2 (mod 3)
6

sage: [Q.count_congruence_solutions(3, 1, m, None, None) == count_modp__by_gauss_sum(3, 3, m, 2)  for m in range(3)]
[True, True, True]


Returns the indices of Biglist which index the entries of Smalllist appearing in Biglist. (Note that Smalllist may not be a sublist of Biglist.)

NOTE 1: This is an internal routine which deals with re-indexing lists, and is not exported to the QuadraticForm namespace!

NOTE 2: This should really by applied only when BigList has no repeated entries.

TO DO: * Please revisit this routine, and eliminate it! *

INPUT:
Biglist, Smalllist – two lists of a common type, where Biglist has no repeated entries.
OUTPUT:
a list of integers >= 0

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.quadratic_forms.count_local_2 import extract_sublist_indices

sage: biglist = [1,3,5,7,8,2,4]
sage: sublist = [5,3,2]
sage: sublist == [biglist[i]  for i in extract_sublist_indices(biglist, sublist)]  ## Ok whenever Smalllist is a sublist of Biglist
True

sage: extract_sublist_indices([1,2,3,6,9,11], [1,3,2,9])
[0, 2, 1, 4]

sage: extract_sublist_indices([1,2,3,6,9,11], [1,3,10,2,9,0])
[0, 2, 1, 4]

sage: extract_sublist_indices([1,3,5,3,8], [1,5])
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
TypeError: Biglist must not have repeated entries!


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Routines for computing special values of L-functions